Q: Which is the least common cause of under-eye circles and bags?

A: Hard living (stress, alcohol, etc.). Dark circles, or bags under your eyes, have many causes, including increased melanin (hyperpigmentation), under-eye fat loss, and broken blood vessels. The least common cause of under-eye issues? Hard living – in the way of too much alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, and too little sleep!

Q: What is the medical term for dry skin?

A: Xeroderma. Dry skin is a very common skin condition characterized by abnormal or excessive dryness of the skin. While dry skin tends to affect males and females equally, older individuals are typically much more prone to dry skin. The skin in elderly individuals tends to have diminishing amounts of natural skin oils and lubricants. Areas such as the arms, hands, and particularly lower legs tend to be more affected by dry skin. Dry skin is also known as xeroderma.

Q: Sagging skin is caused by a reduction in which component of skin?

A: The hypodermis. Reduction of tissue in the hypodermis is what causes your skin to sag. This layer is also known as the subcutis. It hosts sweat glands, fat, and collagen cells. The hypodermis is responsible for conserving your body's heat and protecting your vital inner organs.

Q: What is vitiligo?

A: A skin disorder that causes skin and hair to turn white. Vitiligo (vit-ill-EYE-go) is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes (the cells that make pigment) in the skin are destroyed. As a result, white patches appear on the skin in different parts of the body. Similar patches also appear on both the mucous membranes (tissues that line the inside of the mouth and nose) and the retina (inner layer of the eyeball). The hair that grows on areas affected by vitiligo sometimes turns white.

Q: How can I fix an uneven skin tone?

A: Uneven skin tone is caused by the uneven distribution of pigment, it can also be caused by extreme sun exposure and hormonal changes. If you do not exfoliate your skin properly, you can develop an uneven skin tone because of the excessive buildup of dead skin cells. You can use serums, creams that contain vitamin C to even your skin tone. You can also swear by home remedies to get back even-toned skin.

Q: How do I find out my skin type?

A: There are few categories typically skin is classified into; normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive skin. But over a while, your skin texture and type can change as it is affected by a lot of factors such as lifestyle, hormones and your diet. The ideal way to understand your skin type might be, to wash it gently and leave it for several hours without using any product to observe your skin.

Q: Why is it important to use a moisturizer?

A: Using a good moisturizer can help prevent and treat dry skin, it can also protect sensitive skin and improve the texture of your skin. Using a moisturizer daily can improve the skin’s hydrating and make your skin healthy and glowing.

Q: Do you need to moisturize oily skin?

A: Yes, you need to moisturize your skin even if you have oily skin. Moisturizer is used to improve your skin’s texture and to hydrate your skin. If you have oily skin, you can use an oil-free moisturizer to avoid greasy and shiny looking skin.

Q: How can I stop my skin from breaking out?

A: To prevent breakouts you need to keep your skin clean to get rid of all the impurities, dead skin and the extra oil that starts forming on your skin’ surface. Use over-the-counter products to get rid of the breakouts. And use a nourishing moisturizer because the anti-acne products can leave your skin dry. You also need to use makeup sparingly, keep your hair and hands away from your face so that you do not block the skin pores, spread the bacteria and irritate the skin. 

Q: What is the best way to handle sensitive skin?

A: The best way to deal with sensitive skin is to be gentle with it. Do not use harsh cleansers or any kind of harsh products that might have irritating substances. Always opt for products that suit your skin and are specifically formulated for sensitive skin.

Q: How can I get rid of blackheads?

A: Exfoliating works well to get rid of the blackheads from your skin. You can always use home remedies to discourage the formation of blackheads on your skin.

Q: How can I reduce the oil production in my skin?

A: Steer clear from using any harsh products to get rid of the oily skin. Wash your face twice a day with a gentle skin cleanser, use an oil-free moisturizer and other skin products. Using home remedies can also help you to reduce oil production. Also, pay attention to your diet, as an increase in the amount of sugar, salt and fried food can wreck your skin and lead to more oil production.

Q: How can I get rid of brown sunspots?

A: To avoid brown spots, you need to start using sunscreen. But if you already have spots due to the exposure to harsh sunlight, you can use an exfoliating agent or a natural skin-lightening product to lighten the brown sunspots. By limiting the exposure to heat and sun, and protecting the skin with sunscreen will help in reducing the brown sunspots. 

Q: What causes acne?

A: Acne is the most common skin problem. It can be caused by excess sebum oil, clogged pores, hormonal changes, medication or lifestyle and diet changes. Though it is common during puberty stage, young adults can also have acne outbreak before the age of 30. It is less common in older adults. Other factors such as stress and cosmetic products can also cause acne.

Q: How can I prevent ageing skin?

A: Over a while, your skin will lose its elasticity and collagen, and it will start appearing saggy with fine lines and wrinkles. But you can improve the appearance of your skin with a proper skincare regimen. Take care of your skin, protect from the harsh UV rays by using a broad-spectrum sunscreen and by using topical products that have retinol and antioxidants.