Melasma, also known as hypermelanosis or hyperpigmentation, is a disorder of the skin that causes pigmented patches on the face. Melasma can occur at any age, but it's most common in women between 20 and 40 years old. It's also more common in people with darker skin tones. It can affect almost any area of your body, but it's most common on the face, neck, and upper chest. Melasma often appears in winter or summer and may be hereditary. The cause of Melasma is not clear, but it may be related to sun exposure or hormonal changes during pregnancy or after menopause. Melasma isn't always permanent, but it does tend to get worse with age.
What does Melasma loom like?
The most common form of Melasma is brown or dark brown patches on the cheeks and nose. Other forms include light tan patches on the cheeks or forehead. There are also cases where people have dark brown patches on their foreheads or chins that do not fade away with time. The patches can be very large or small depending on how much melanin is present in your skin and how much sun exposure you get throughout your life. The patches usually appear at different times during your life cycle, but they can also appear at any age, no matter what skin colour or type of treatment you use.
Top 3 serums to prevent or cure melasma:
How it helps melasma?
Hydroquinone serum is a topical solution applied to the affected area and reduces the appearance of melasma. It can also help prevent the re-occurrence of melasma if you have had it in the past. Hydroquinone serum works by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme involved in melanin production. By inhibiting this enzyme, it prevents melanin production and the lightening of skin colour. This diminishes your melasma marks and helps restore your skin's natural glow.
How to use this serum?
Hydroquinone serum can be applied twice daily after cleansing and toning your face. It should be applied to the affected areas using a cotton swab or Q-Tip. You may apply this product on any other affected area, such as your neck and chest if you wish to cover them up as well.
- Tranexamic Face Serum:
How does it help with melasma?
Tranexamic acid works by inhibiting the breakdown of blood clots, which helps to reduce inflammation and pigmentation in the skin.
Tranexamic acid is typically used as a topical cream or gel applied to the affected area of the skin. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as hydroquinone or corticosteroid cream. In some cases, tranexamic acid may also be taken orally as tablets.
Choosing an authentic product matters the most in these cases. So try to choose a sulphate-free vegan serum like Rejusure's 2% Tranexamic acid facial serum. You can include this serum in both morning and night skincare routines. Along with treating pigmentation, it also reduces redness.
Can I use vitamin C serum and tranexamic acid together?
Yes, it is generally safe to use vitamin C serum and tranexamic acid together as part of a skincare routine. Vitamin C serum is a popular skincare product that is often used to improve the appearance of the skin by reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, evening out skin tone, and protecting the skin from environmental stressors. Tranexamic acid is a medication that is sometimes used in skincare products to help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and dark spots on the skin. While there is no direct interaction between vitamin C and tranexamic acid, it's always a good idea to be mindful of the ingredients in your skincare products.
Can I use retinol and tranexamic acid serum together?
Using retinol and tranexamic acid as a skincare routine is generally safe. However, it's important to be mindful of the potential for irritation when using these products and to pay attention to any adverse effects you may experience. Retinol is a form of vitamin A that is often used in skincare products to improve the appearance of the skin by reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and uneven skin tone. It works by increasing collagen production and speeding up the cell turnover process, which helps smooth and firm the skin.
- Kojic acid:
How does it help remove melasma?
Kojic acid is a skin-lightening agent that is sometimes used to treat melasma, a type of hyperpigmentation that causes brown or grey-brown patches to appear on the skin. It works by inhibiting the pigment in the skin, which can help lighten the appearance of dark spots and even out skin tone.
Can you use kojic acid on sensitive skin?
Though Kojic acid is totally safe to use on sensitive skin, it's important to be cautious when using any new skincare product, including kojic acid. It's a good idea to start with a small amount of the product and gradually increase the amount as your skin becomes more accustomed to it. It's also a good idea to use a moisturizer and a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher to help protect your skin and reduce the risk of irritation.
Can you mix kojic acid with any other serum?
Mixing kojic acid with any other serum can show some adverse side effects. If you want to mix this serum, you can try it with AHA BHA serum because it heightens the benefits of kojic acid.